"Black music has always known, and not been afraid to acknowledge just how high the stakes of Black thought are. To summarize the final soliloquy of Clay, the protagonist in LeRoi Jonesâ€™ (aka Amiri Barakaâ€™s) play Dutchman. Youâ€™d better be glad Charlie Parker could play him some horn and Bessie Smith could sing, because if they didnâ€™t make music they might murder you. One would be hard pressed to find another group of people on this planet whose music is a surrogate for murder. One would be hard pressed to another group of people on this planet whose life is a proxy for death."